The Sunnan of Eid
Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu ‘ala rasulullaah
It is true to say that although much information has reached us about Fasting and Ramadaan - authentic or otherwise - we know very little about the etiquettes of ‘Eid: what we are recommended to do in this day and what is obligatory for us to do. Below is a brief list of some of the prescribed practices of ‘Eid.
1. It is established from the Companion Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu ‘anhumma) that he used to bathe on the morning of ‘Eid. The tabi’ee Sa’eed ibn al Musayyib (rahimahullaah) said:
The sunnah of the fitr is three: walking to the Prayer-ground, eating before going out and taking a bath.
[Saheeh - Al Firyaabee & al-Irwaa (2/104)]
2. It is known that the companion Ibn ‘Umar would also dressed in his best clothes for the two ‘Eids as reported by Ibn Hajr (rahimahullaah) in his Fathul-Baaree (2/439).
3. It is compulsory on all adult sane Muslims to pray the ‘Eid prayer. The Prophet - sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam - and his Companions never ceased doing it and he - sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam - commanded everyone including women, children and the elderly to attend. Even menstruating women should go to the place of congregation so that they may partake in the blessings [but not in the place where one actually prays].[Bukharee and Muslim]
4. It is Sunnah to eat dates before we leave for Al-‘Eid prayer to show openly that we are not fasting on this day. The Prophet - sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam - used not to leave for Al-Eid [al-Fitr] prayer except after eating some dates. [Reported by Anas bin Maalik (radiallaahu ‘anhu), collected in Saheeh al-Bukhaaree (Eng. trans. vol.2 p.40 no.73) and Ahmad.]
5. It is Sunnah to say takbeer loudly when leaving our homes to go to ‘Eid prayer and repeat these till the prayer starts. [Silsilatal-Ahaadeeth-Saheehah(no 171).]
6. It is preferable to pray the ‘Eid prayer on open ground and not at the masjid if possible. [Bukharee and Muslim]
7. Neither Adhaan nor Iqaamah are said for ‘Eid prayer. [Reported by Ibn ‘Abbaas and Jaabir ibn ‘Abdullah (radiallaahu ‘anhum) and collected in Saheeh al-Bukhaaree (Eng. trans. vol.2 p.40)]