27. Eeman (Faith) comprises of speech, action, and beliefs and it increases and decreases.
To have Faith that Eeman (Faith) comprises of speech, action, and beliefs. It increases and decreases. It increases as Allaah wills and may decrease to the extent that nothing remains of it.
Al-Laalikaaee reports in Sharh Usool Itiqaad Ahlis Sunnah (5/958/no.1737), that Abd ar-Razzaaq (as-Sanaanee) said, I met seventy Shaykhs, from amongst them are Mamar, al-Awzaaee, ath-Thawree, al-Waleed ibn Muhammad al-Quraashee, Yazeed ibn as-Saaib, Hammaad ibn Salamah, Hammaad ibn Zayd, Sufyaan ibn Uyainah, Shuayb ibn Harb, Wakee ibn al-Jarrah, Maalik ibn Anas, Ibn Abee Laylaa, Ismaeel ibn Ayyaash, al-Waleed ibn Muslim and those I have not named, all of them saying:
Faith is saying and action, it increases and decreases.
`Abdullaah ibn Ahmad reports in as-Sunnah (no.612): My father narrated to me: Abu Salaamah al-Khuzaaee related to us, saying, Maalik, Shareek, Abu Bakr ibn Ayyaash, `Abdul Azeez ibn Abee Salaamah, Hammaad ibn Salaamah and Hammaad ibn Zayd said:
Faith is conviction, declaration, and action.
Al-Laalikaaee reports (5/959/no.1740) that Uqbah ibn Alqamah said:
I asked al-Awzaaee about Faith; can it increase? He said, Yes, until it becomes like the mountains. I said, can it decrease? He said, Yes, even until nothing remains of it.
Amongst the verses quoted by the Scholars as proof for the fact that Faith increases are:
Aayah 173 of Surat Alee Imraan:
Those to whom hypocrites said, “Indeed, the people have gathered against you, so fear them.” But it [merely] increased them in faith, and they said, “Sufficient for us is Allah , and [He is] the best Disposer of affairs.”
Aayah 4 of Suratul Faath:
It is He who sent down tranquillity into the hearts of the believers that they would increase in faith along with their [present] faith. And to Allah belong the soldiers of the heavens and the earth, and ever is Allah Knowing and Wise.
Aayah 124 of Surat at-Tawbah:
And whenever a surah is revealed, there are among the hypocrites those who say, “Which of you has this increased faith?” As for those who believed, it has increased them in faith, while they are rejoicing.